Research and publishing have the most important significance in science and education. Scientific advancement is subjected to research, and publishing is as important in academics as the practice is in medicine. Therefore, publications must keep coming.
Whether you have just stepped into academic research or you are an accomplished scientist, you need a co-author in your publications at one point or another. Co-authoring a research paper has its own perks if done the right way.
In this article, we will discuss the major areas of co-author publication, such as types, criteria, ethical issues, and distribution.
- Who Are the Publication Intermediaries?
- What Do Consultants Offer?
- What Is Co-Authorship?
- Advantages of Co-Authored Publications
- Ethical Issues
- Criteria for Co-Authorship
- Who Cannot Be a Co-Author?
- Distribution of Co-Authors' Positions in the Article
- Co-authorship in Scopus and Web of Science journals
Who Are the Publication Intermediaries?
As our lives have dramatically shifted online, so have the scope and character of the unrestricted dissemination of all kinds of data or information, especially this refers to recognized or identifiable personal data. The demand for publication intermediaries develops in this situation. In addition to recognizing the application of basic human rights legislation, publication intermediaries are recognized as data protection controllers that gather, compile and disseminate information to their customers.
What Do Consultants Offer?
Co-authoring consultants like Science Publisher Company are well aware of writers’ published scientific research value. They provide a range of products for scientific researchers to help them write in a more effective, clear, and readable manner. This increases the likelihood that their work will be accepted for publication.
Contrary to most academic authorship and proofreading services, consultants are native English speakers with PhDs or equivalent in the author’s subject of study. They also have first-hand knowledge of the publishing process. They can guarantee that it is edited appropriately with this in mind, making it clear, short, and academically accurate because they are familiar with the academic jargon of the subject. Enhancing the quality of submissions helps academia get published and streamlines the academic publishing process.
What Is Co-Authorship?
In a general sense, co-authorship is understood as two or more people writing a research paper together. From a legal perspective, co-authors are people who jointly produce a piece of research work. They are recognized as co-authors whether the work is an integral unit or is divided into components with distinct meanings.
Co-authorship of a scientific report is an official declaration of the participation of multiple writers engaged in the same research. Co-authorship makes it easier to accomplish work and provides significance with regard to an objective that both parties are working toward.
Due to the potential for new information to be discovered, the growing specialization within research, the complication of the necessary infrastructure, and the requirement to mix different types of expertise and abilities to tackle complicated challenges, researchers are motivated to engage together in the research work.
In co-authorship systems, nodes stand in for authors or organizations that are linked together when they co-author a research publication. Co-authorship research is often employed to comprehend and evaluate patterns of scientific collaboration despite disagreements about its understanding and definition.
Advantages of Co-Authored Publications
It is essential that people who participated in research get recognized as authors. Those who are recognized as writers are also conscious of their responsibilities and accountable for what they write. Since authorship grants credit and implies a duty for published work, there are social, intellectual and commercial repercussions. The practice of co-authoring articles has various benefits, some of which are:
• Early-stage scientists might get visibility in the realm of scholarly publications by co-authoring a paper, which serves as a launch for their scientific careers.
• Co-authorship enables established scholars to generate the content of a better caliber while devoting less time and effort to authoring individual sections of the paper with their colleagues.
• The financial benefits of publishing a study with co-authors include shared costs, which benefit both parties.
• Co-authorship can encourage creativity and expand a research project scope since it gives writer access to other disciplinary viewpoints.
• Co-authorship also offers a glimpse of the collaboration patterns between people and organizations working in the same field of study.
Researchers, publishers, and research ethics authorities seldom talk about ethical co-authorship. However, co-authorship is a well-known breeding ground for unethical behavior, including copying, reference manipulations, and using guests or ghostwriters. When researchers or writers embark on a collective writing assignment, two crucial facets of moral co-authorship must be considered:
i) Ethical Co-Publishing, ii) Ethical Co-Writing
Below are some of the major issues related to co-authored publications which must not be ignored.
• Your co-authors should be encouraged to use ethical reference techniques. This entails avoiding citation exploitation, such as over-citing one’s own research, other people’s work, or publications from journals or publishers where you desire to submit your research.
• Be prepared to make concessions or lose your voice in collective decisions. The sole-authored article is dead. To use a popular adage, write it yourself if you desire to have it all in your own manner. However, you will still need to deal with editorial persons and supervisors.
• Always take some extra time when setting schedules. People have setbacks in their lives, particularly during an epidemic, and individuals impacted need time to process their challenges.
• It is always good to clearly state who is responsible for which parts in the publication. Collective responsibility can therefore be broken through the explicit division of responsibility. Many journals allow this or even request it. However, at least one of the authors must assume overall responsibility for the publication as a whole.
Criteria for Co-Authorship
A clear method for delegating accountability and granting credit for creative effort is through co-authorship. The integrity with which co-authorship procedures represent genuine contributions to the final output should be considered. Co-authors’ participation in a publication hugely impacts the reputation, academic advancement, and grant funding of those engaged, as well as the power and standing of their institution.
The fact that someone is a co-author reveals nothing about the extent of their participation. As a result, some publications have lately begun compiling data regarding the individual co-authors of the manuscript that will be published. Let us say you want to submit a publication; throughout the approval process, you will be asked to provide details on the individual co-authors’ activities. Most probably, this knowledge will appear in the publication.
You are accountable for gathering data on the co-authors’ individual contributions if you submit a work that will eventually be listed in your profile. Concerning writer’s co-duties, there are several established conventions.
Here are the four most-widely accepted criteria that the researchers must meet to become co-authors of a research paper.
1. The individual in concern must have contributed significantly to the idea or concept of the research and the collection, analysis, or evaluation of data used in the paper.
2. The individual must have contributed to critically developing or editing the paper for significant intellectual substance.
3. The published form of manuscripts must have received co-authors’ approval.
4. The individual must consent to accept responsibility for all parts of the manuscript to guarantee that any concerns about the correctness or integrity of any portion of the manuscript are duly looked into and addressed.
5. An author must be able to specify which co-authors are responsible for particular other elements of the project and be liable for the portions of the research they have done.
Who Cannot Be a Co-Author?
A person cannot be a co-author unless he or she meets the requirements listed above. In rare circumstances, if a person only meets one, two, or three of the aforementioned requirements but not all five of the above, they can still be thanked formally for their input to the article but cannot be listed as co-authors.
Therefore, if a person only meets all the requirements listed above, he or she should be added as a co-author.
Distribution of Co-Authors’ Positions in the Article
The order of authors in many fields denotes the level of contribution, with the initial author contributing the most and the final author denoting the most senior, mostly supervisory function. The researchers or study group decide on the order of the authors collectively. Co-authors should talk about the publication sequence at the project outset with the principal author and change their minds as necessary. All writers must collaborate to get these well-informed conclusions.
Some common methods for establishing author order lists are as follows.
The person who performed most of the underlying research and contributed the most to the work mentioned in the article should be identified as the first author. The others are mentioned in the decreasing order of contribution.
Other techniques are used in some sectors, especially those involving large groups of people. For instance, writers are arranged alphabetically by high-energy particle physics teams.
The lead investigator, or “senior author,” is often the final author in a group and oversees this work in many areas, including the life sciences.
An asterisk or equivalent symbol and a brief explanation can be used to indicate the additional first writers or first co-authors.
Typographic marks and references can be used to identify several final authors, just as it is possible to identify many first authors. This custom developed due to the desire of certain publications to promote transparency by mandating that senior lab members evaluate all data and interpretations generated in their laboratories rather than automatically receiving the last authorship.
Co-authorship in Scopus and Web of Science journals
There has long been a belief in science that individual authors should be the only ones who contribute to scientific articles. However, most papers today are authored by teams of writers, according to data for international publications. Co-authorship is typical in papers on the Web of Science and Scopus platforms. You can see that many articles published on these platforms have numerous writers. Because of co-authorship, writing, and publishing articles more quickly and with less work is feasible while still producing high-caliber research and scientific papers that are well-cited in Scopus and Web of Science publications.
In conclusion, being a co-author is skill in academia. Co-authors share knowledge and aid in each other’s academic and scientific growth. Material coauthored is frequently stronger than work that has been solely written. Also, co-authors’ partnership quality and results will be further improved if they work together responsibly.
Our company is a licensed consultant company for co-author publication. We offer publishing services for scholarly works on legal grounds in compliance with worldwide legal standards. We are currently moving in two directions:
I) Co-authorship, II) Publication of the client-provided manuscript
Our editorial staff aims to function as a liaison between the many players in the publishing industry and adds its own duties to fill in any gaps that may exist in the process.